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Breed: Texas Longhorn:

  • The ancestors of the Texas Longhorn were the cattle brought to America in the 1600s.
  • The Texas Longhorn was shaped largely by natural selection and is particularly well adapted to life in Texas, Oklahoma, Nebraska and other areas of the mid-west.
  • The Longhorn's heyday was in the mid-to-late 1800s with a peak of about 5 million head.
  • By the year 1900, cross-breeding had almost eliminated the typical Longhorn.
  • However, beginning in the late 1920s, the Texas Longhorn was preserved in wildlife refuges in Oklahoma and Nebraska.
  • In the 1960s, there were still only a small number of Longhorns -- about 1500 head.
  • The Longhorn is getting renewed attention because of its genetic diversity and potential for improving other breeds of cattle.
  • There are about 100,000 Texas Longhorn cattle in the United States today.
  • The Texas Longhorn is spotted and comes in a variety of colors.
  • They have long legs, high shoulders, and an easy stride.
  • Their horns average a span of 5 1/2 feet.
  • The Texas Longhorn is known for its heat tolerance, disease resistance, good mothering ability, and general toughness and adaptibility.

Texas Longhorn

Sources: A Field Guide to Cows, by John Pukite, Falcon Press, Helena, Montana, 1996, pp. 36-37.
and Texas Longhorn Cattle Page. Photo from the Texas Longhorn Breeders Association of America