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Breed: Holstein:

  • The Holstein produces the most milk of all breeds.
  • The production record is held by the cow Raim Mark Jinx -- over 100,000 glasses of milk!
  • The origins of the Holstein are uncertain, but records mention black-and-white cattle in the northern Netherlands before the 1600s.
  • The Dutch first brought Holsteins into New York; at that time the cows were simply called Dutch cattle.
  • A newspaper editor named them Holstein-Friesian, which was later shortened to Holstein.
  • The US breed society formed in 1871.
  • Holsteins are typically white cows with big, black spots that usually cover 50% of the cow's body.
  • But, the spot coverage can range from none at all (an all white cow) to complete (an all black cow).
  • Occasionally, a red-spotted Holstein will be born. Red is the recessive color.
  • Holsteins have a broad face with a wide muzzle, and a tall, stately stance.


Source: A Field Guide to Cows, by John Pukite, Falcon Press, Helena, Montana, 1996, pp. 16-17.