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Breed: Ayrshire:

  • Ayrshires are red-and-white.
  • The red can range from light to mahogany to almost black.
  • The red is contained in small, jagged spots.
  • The number of spots can range from a few, as shown in the cow below, to covering the whole cow.
  • Ayrshires also have a long, straight face.
  • They have a wedgy body shape underneath, with a long, level back (or topline).
  • The Ayrshire is a practical breed because it consistently produces a fairly rich milk under almost any conditions.
  • Ayrshires have excellent grazing ability and can adapt to a wide variety of weather conditions.
  • The Ayrshire breed started in the southwest Scottish shire of Ayr.
  • The original cattle were probably scrub and Teeswater cattle.
  • Over time other cows were introduced.
  • By the end of the 1700s, the Ayrshire's characteristics were almost those of the modern Ayrshire.
  • The breed was formally recognized in 1814.
  • The first Ayrshires were imported into Connecticut in the late 1800s.


Source: A Field Guide to Cows , by John Pukite, Falcon Press, Helena, Montana, pp. 58-58.
Photo from Forest Park.